Glossary For Canna-Patients contains common terms for new Cannabis Patients to get familiar with:

A ganja glossary for canna-patients: The amount of information available on hemp and MJ can feel overwhelming at times, but it’s important that we educate ourselves as much as possible. To help you get started, here is a list of some of the common terms, slangs, and phrases you may encounter while you’re on your hunt for knowledge. Check back here periodically, as this list is updated frequently.

A

ACCESS POINT: a state authorized location where medical marijuana patients can buy medical marijuana. Although typically called a dispensary.

ALCOHOL EXTRATION: is the process of stripping the essential oils and trichomes from the marijuana or hemp plant by using either ethyl or isopropyl alcohol. Once the extra plant material is filtered out and the alcohol evaporates, a sticky and potent golden hash oil remains. Further purification through vacuum pressure, heat, or agitation can change the texture of the golden hash oil to oil, shatter, or budder, depending on the extraction process.

B

BLUNT: is created by dumping out the tobacco of a store bought cigar then re-rolling the cigar with marijuana or hemp. However, the wrap contains nicotine so if you are anti-tobacco you should opt out.

BONG: is usually a glass, ceramic, or silicone apparatus that is used to smoke cannabis flowers. A bong filters smoke through water so that it may be cooled before it is inhaled. In its simplest form, a bong consists of a bowl and a stem, but as the complexity and artisanship increases and the bong becomes more sophisticated.

BONG WATER: Bong water is the water in a bong that cools and filters the smoke, that through repeated use becomes increasingly dirty. You should change your water frequently.

BOWL: the part of a smoking apparatus (the bed) where the marijuana flower is loaded.

BUBBLER: a smoking apparatus that is small enough to be held in the hand, but also contains one or more chambers for holding water. Bubblers are typically made of hand blown glass and are easy to transport.

BUD: a synonym for the flower of the mature marijuana plant. They are the actual nuggets that you grind up and smoke. Buds are the part of the marijuana plant that contain the cannabinoids including THC, CBD, CBG, and THCV.

BUDDER: a cannabis concentrate that is similar to wax but softer and more pliable. Budder is a type of hash oil and must be dabbed using an oil rig.

BUDTENDER: a dispensary employee, who works behind the counter and are there to help guide you through your cannabis experience

BUTANE: one of the most popular solvents used in earlier concentrate extraction. Butane is marginally cheaper than propane and can be used to produce a wide range of concentrate products.

BUTANE HASH OIL: aka BHO, butane hash oil is made by blasting marijuana flowers with butane. The butane solvent causes THC to become soluble, resulting in a butane/THC mixture. Once the butane is evaporated, the resulting product is a viscous and amber colored resin known as “wax” or “shatter” and is very potent.

C

CANNABICHROMENE (CBC): The second most prevalent cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. As it does not bind to cannabinoid 1 and 2 (CB1 and CB2) receptors, CBC is not psychoactive.

CANNABIDIOL: aka CBD One of over 140 molecules called cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. It is the second most widely used cannabinoid. In recent years, CBD has become very popular for its many medical benefits and unlike THC, CBD has no psychoactive properties. It is very useful for those who want the medical benefits of marijuana but not the “high”.

CANNABINOIDS: the chemical compounds found in the Cannabis plant that offers a variety of health benefits.

CANNABIS: indigenous to Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent, cannabis is a genus of flowering plants that includes Cannabis ruderalis, Cannabis sativa, and Cannabis indica. Cannabis indica and sativa have countless medicinal and recreational uses.

CANNABINOID 1 (CB1) and CANNABINOID 2 (CB2) RECEPTORS: Our CB1 receptors mediate physical and psychoactive effects. They are primarily located on nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, but they are also found in some peripheral organs and tissues such as the spleen, white blood cells, endocrine gland and parts of the reproductive, gastrointestinal and urinary tracts.

On the other hand, our CB2 receptors regulate inflammation and immune response throughout the immune and peripheral nervous systems including the gut, spleen, liver, heart, kidneys, bones, blood vessels, lymph cells, endocrine glands, and reproductive organs.

Cannabinoid profile: The amount of all cannabinoids in the plant

CLONE: a marijuana plant clipping that can be planted and grown, creating a genetic copy of the mother plant.

CO2: also known as Carbon Dioxide, many believe CO2 to be the most natural solvent used in concentrate extraction. CO2 can be manipulated into super-critical form and controlled very accurately.

CO2 EXTRACTION: the process of pressurizing liquid or gas CO2 to its “Super Critical” state, anything over 1078 PSI, and passing it through marijuana. The waxes, oils, and cannabinoids will be stripped away creating a similar product to butane hash oil, but less viscous and more oily.

COMBUSTION: the process of burning a material. Combustion occurs when smoking flower.

CONCENTRATES: a concentrate is any type of cannabis product that is refined from flowers into a more purified and potent form. A concentrate can refer to any form of hash (pressed hash or water hash), kief, or hash oil (CO2, BHO, shatter, budder, wax etc.…).

CONE: a cone is a type of joint that is more conical than a typical joint. The cone starts straight and thin but widens as the cone gets longer.

COTTON MOUTH: one of the annoying, but mainly harmless side effects of cannabis when the mouth and throat becomes abnormally dry. A simple solution to cotton mouth is eating candy or chewing gum.

CURE: a very important process during the growth of a cannabis plant, which allows one to have more control over the level of moisture of the bud.

D

DABS: a term that refers to a smaller quantity of concentrate, like hash oil, wax or shatter. It’s consumed by “dabbing” with a heat source and a rig to produce vapor, which is then inhaled.

DECARBOXYLATE: the process of heating weed at a low temperature to transform “inactive” acid cannabinoids like THCA and CBDA into “active” THC and CBD. Most people decarboxylate their cannabis to get higher potency in products that are consumed orally, like edibles and tinctures.

DISPENSARY: a store that legally sells marijuana in a variety of forms, as well as other products. Depending on where you are in the country, one will find medical and recreational dispensaries, which offer product to cannabis patients or to the public, respectfully. Locations will feature a secure point of entry and one or more display cases with multiple product offerings.

DOSAGE/DOSING: Individualized amount of cannabinoids within products. Dosing depends on
titration, which is the process of increasing medication amounts until the desired effect is
achieved.

E

EDIBLES: cannabis-infused products that are consumed orally. These products can contain THC, CBD, or a combination of both.

ENDOCANNABINOID SYSTEM (ECS): A group of receptors that make up a very complex regulatory system throughout the human brain, body, and central and peripheral nervous systems. The ECS creates and maintains our body’s internal stability (homeostasis) by adjusting the flow of neurotransmitters and regulating bodily functions, including appetite, sleep, emotion, and movement.

ETHANOL: otherwise known as ethyl alcohol, ethanol is commonly used for extraction purposes involving oil used for edibles or topicals.

EXTRACTION: The different processes by which cannabinoids within the plant can be extracted for use. These processes include alcohol extraction, CO2 extraction, butane hash oil extraction, etc.

F

FLOWER: the hairy, often sticky bud or parts of the plant that are harvested and used to consume in a variety of marijuana products.

G

GANJA: typically referred to as the flower of the cannabis plant when smoking. The word originated from the Hindi, Urdu and Sanskrit languages and its first known use was in 1689.

GRINDER: a circular metal, steel or wood device used to breakdown marijuana to make rolling joints, blunts or packing a bowl easier.

H

HASH/HASH OIL: a pressed cannabis powder that is potent, as trichomes contain high levels of cannabinoids (typically THC or CBD), the active part of the cannabis plant.

HEMP: in the US, hemp is defined as the legal industrial type of cannbis plants that do not exceed 0.3% THC – on a dry weight basis. It’s a product that can be commercially produced to make numerous products like nutritious foods, supplements, paper, rope, food, building materials, fuel and more.

HYBRID: a cross between two genetically different strains of cannabis. Hybrids can happen randomly or purposefully, but are typically done to mix two or more preferred traits of a plant to make another powerful combination.

HYDROPONICS: a popular way to grow marijuana that utilizes a soil-less system. Typically speaking, this type of gardening circulates water and nutrients to plants roots which allows one to have more control over the grow process.

I

INDICA: one of the three classifications of cannabis, alongside sativa and ruderalis. Compared to a sativa plant, Indica plants are shorter and broader. The majority of indicas will offer the user a very relaxing body high, which can help some patients with chronic pain, anxiety, insomnia and more.

J

JOINT: a rolled cigarette filled with marijuana or hemp.

K

KIEF: a result of separating trichomes from the plant. Kief holds the most amounts of cannabinoids, making it potent and a very pure form of concentrate.

L

LIVE RESIN: a term to describe an extraction method where plants are harvested within 48 hours of picking them.

M

MARIJUANA: A slang term typically referring to cannabis. It is to some considered a controversial term, derived from racially motivated acts of law that led to cannabis prohibition in the US.

N

O

One-hitter: A small, cigarette-shaped pipe that’s convenient and easy to use for micro-dosing.

P

POT: an informal, slang term for cannabis.

PRE-ROLL: a joint, blunt, or cone that was prepared before its intended time of consumption. they can contain cannabis for THC benefits or hemp for CBD benefits.

PROPANE:  solvent used in the creation of PHO, propane is often considered to produce higher quality concentrates than butane.

PURGE: the process of removing residual solvent from a concentrate.

Q

R

RESIN: the trichomes that are used to create hash. It’s also a term that references the sticky residue that amasses on the inside of a bowl (or other marijuana paraphernalia) after smoking product in it again and again.

RIG: a unique pipe with a nail or skillet, used to consume concentrates like wax or shatter. “Dabbing” involves heating the nail on the rig to a specific temperature with a handheld torch, which evaporates a dab of concentrate when placed on the heated device. This form of consumption is different than smoking from a bowl or pipe with flower and produces a purer inhalation.

ROACH: the end of a joint and is often too small to be smoked for fear of burning ones fingers.

ROUTE OF ADMINISTRATION: The process in which a chemical enters the human body, travels into organs and tissues, and is then metabolized into the body before elimination.

The route of administration of cannabis has different effects. Inhalation takes just minutes to produce effects, while the initial effects of cannabis-infused edibles are not felt for 30–90 minutes. Gender, age, and weight can also impact the rate of absorption and digestion of cannabis products.

RUDERALIS: one of the three main variations of cannabis, including indica and sativa. Ruderalis is very high in cannabidiol or CBD.

S

SATIVA: this variety of cannabis is well known for its energetic and uplifting cerebral effects, patients often seek sativas for depression, socializing, creativity and amiability.

SCHEDULE I DRUG: Drugs, substances, or chemicals that have no currently accepted medical use and have a high potential for abuse. This federal list is established by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration and currently still includes cannabis, despite medical programs and mounting research worldwide.

SHAKE: A term for the small pieces of plant material that separate from cannabis during processing. Shake contains a high cannabinoid content, but is sold at a discount.

SHATTER: a type of concentrate that is believed to be the purest and most potent type of marijuana product. Shatter, or butane hash oil, is created through an extraction process that eliminates fats and lipids.

SOLVENT: a liquid in which something is dissolved to form a solution. In extraction, a solvent is a liquid used to separate the psychoactive compound THC from the cannabis flower.

SPOON: A popular style of glass pipe, used to smoke cannabis. Named for its spoon-like shape.

STRAIN: A specific variety of cannabis with it’s own name and unique attributes.

T

TERPENE: found in the essential oils of a plant. Terpenes are chemical compounds found in cannabis that produce the distinct flavor and smell of the flower. In cannabis, these specific compounds are accountable for the hundreds of variances between strains including flavor and smell and health benefits.

THC: Tetrahydrocannabinol is the most recognized cannabinoid in the cannabis plant. First isolated in 1964, THC is known for its well-known psychoactive effects, which effectively causes one to feel high.

TINCTURE: a liquid form of cannabis. The majority of tinctures are flavored and distributed via an eyedropper under the tongue for faster absorption into the body. A user will typically feel its results in a shorter time period than that of consuming an edible.

TOPICAL: any type of cannabis product, including lotions, balms or creams that are applied to the outside of a user’s body to help with medicinal issues like body pain, skin problems, etc. The product is absorbed through the skin and will not get you high.

TRANSDERMAL: a cannabis preparation infused in an adhesive patch that is placed directly on the skin and able to uptake into the bloodstream. Transdermals release the medication infused in them over longer periods of time and, unlike topicals, can get the consumer high and are not site-specific. Uptake ranges, but the effects can last 8-12 hours. They are a good option for discreetly medicating over long periods of time, or when oral methods are unavailable.

TRICHOME: crystalized glands that produce resin on a marijuana plant. Often referred to as “sticky little hairs”, these glands are not actually hairs or crystals (although they’re still very beautiful close-up). Instead, they’re specific parts of the plant that carry the majority of cannabinoids (THC, CBD, etc.) and cover the plants major surfaces.

U

V

VAPE PEN: a smaller version of a regular vaporizer. It’s portable and typically uses pre-filled cartridges available in varying sizes and types of cannabis, including Sativas, Indicas and Hybrids.

VAPORIZER: usually a table top device, a vaporizer will heat flower or oils to a very specific temperature that activates the cannabinoid and turns them into a vapor to be inhaled. Many believe that vaporizing is healthier than smoking because you’re not inhaling smoke.

W

WAX: a concentrated form of cannabis that’s created when the plant is dissolved into a solvent. It’s considered to be a lot more potent than smoking regular flower because it packs a big punch of THC (the psychoactive ingredient) each time it’s consumed.

WEED: another, slang term for marijuana. It’s frequently used, specifically in reference to flower.

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Z